For literary analysis, one should very carefully read a literary work in order to understand how the author conveys his key ideas. Start making notes to the text and read the work with maximum concentration, then formulate your arguments and make a plan. Write the analysis in accordance with the plan and edit your work to submit a clean version of the text.
Take notes and argue
Write down ideas when you read the text. When you first meet with the text, make notes on those aspects that attract attention – the main conflict, the motives of the characters, the tone of the story and the scene.
Highlight passages of text that you find interesting or worthwhile. In one of the paragraphs, the author makes an important statement? Did the text suddenly become philosophical? Highlight or mark such passages.
For example, one of the main quotations of the novel by George Orwell 1984, which is often repeated: “War is peace. Freedom is slavery. Ignorance is power.” Since this is the slogan of the Party (the one and only political party of the state), it becomes clear to us that this text will be important for the plot. You can use a color marker to highlight this passage at each mention. This will make it easier for you to find a statement to analyze when, where, and why Orwell repeats these lines.
Note literary tricks. The author uses literary techniques to prove his point or tell a story. In literary works, alliteration, artistic images, metaphors, allusions, allegories, repetitions, retrospectives, various omens and other techniques are used.
For example, artistic images are the living language of the author, which helps to form a mental representation. They can set the tone for the entire text. Consider an example from the 1984 George Orwell novel, which is found in the fourth paragraph:
“The world outside, behind closed windows, was breathing cold. The wind twisted dust and scraps of paper; and, although the sun was shining, and the sky was dramatically blue, everything in the city looked colorless – except for posters posted everywhere.”
This short passage allows you to imagine a harsh world, very cold and devoid of color.
Focus on key topics. Themes are those basic ideas that the author repeats throughout the text. The topic could be religion, government, the struggle between good and evil, power, social order, maturation, war, education, human rights and much more. Identify topics as early as possible so that it is easier for you to write out examples of such topics as you read the text.